About 30.3 million American adults have diabetes and more than 25% of them don’t know they have it. Dr. Marina Margolin and the team at Universal Family Medicine diagnose and treat diabetes at their location in Downtown Manhattan, Financial District. To find out if you have diabetes, call your nearest New York City clinic or book an appointment online today.
Diabetes is a long-term or chronic health condition that affects the way your body uses blood sugar (glucose) for energy. Glucose is the main source of fuel for your brain and an important energy source for the cells in your body.
Insulin is a hormone that allows your cells to use glucose for energy. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or it can’t properly use the insulin it makes.
The three main types of diabetes include:
Type 1 diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t make insulin at all. This type makes up about 5% of all diabetes cases and is commonly diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease, accounting for about 90-95% of all cases. This type occurs when your body doesn’t use insulin well, which leads to high blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults, but it’s becoming more common in children and teenagers.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy in women who didn’t have diabetes before they got pregnant. This type usually goes away after childbirth but may increase your risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.
You may also develop a condition called prediabetes, which happens when your blood sugar is elevated but is not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes is reversible with proper treatment.
Your symptoms vary depending on the type you have and how high your glucose levels are. Many people with Type 2 or prediabetes don’t notice symptoms, while Type 1 diabetes symptoms tend to be more sudden and severe.
Common signs and symptoms of diabetes include:
Signs and symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may not occur until high blood sugar has already caused damage to the tissues in your body. That’s why it’s important to get routine physical exams and screening tests at Universal Family Medicine.
Although prediabetes is reversible, diabetes is a lifelong condition. The team at Universal Family Medicine provides personalized treatment to help you control your blood sugar and live a normal life with diabetes.
Depending on the type you have, diabetes treatment may include taking medicines like insulin and maintaining a healthy body with regular exercise and proper nutrition.
To learn more about preventing and managing diabetes, call Universal Family Medicine or book an appointment online today.